Premenstrual syndrome, commonly known as PMS, is a group of physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms that occur in women before the onset of their menstrual cycle. PMS affects up to 75% of women of childbearing age, and its severity can range from mild to severe, with symptoms often varying from month to month.
The exact cause of PMS is not known, but it is believed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. The hormone estrogen, which is highest in the first half of the menstrual cycle, is thought to play a role in the development of PMS symptoms. Progesterone, which is highest in the second half of the cycle, may also contribute to PMS symptoms.
Some of the most common physical symptoms of PMS include bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and fatigue. Women with PMS may also experience mood changes, such as irritability, anxiety, and depression. These emotional symptoms can be particularly challenging and may interfere with daily activities and relationships.
Other symptoms of PMS may include food cravings, insomnia, acne, and joint pain. Women who have PMS may also be more likely to experience migraines, asthma, and allergies.
The severity of PMS symptoms can be affected by a number of factors, including stress, diet, exercise, and underlying medical conditions. Women who have a history of depression or anxiety may be more likely to experience severe PMS symptoms.
Fortunately, there are several things women can do to manage PMS symptoms. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is high in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables can help to reduce symptoms. Regular exercise, particularly aerobic exercise, can also be beneficial for managing PMS symptoms. In my next blog, we will talk in details about how to manage PMS with natural methods.